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Definition of a tapestry. How to recognise a good tapestry. Where to find the most famous tapestries. Glossary

 
Where and when the first tapestries were created. How they developed in Europe. History and development of weaving techniques.
 
Detailed descriptions and pictures which illustrate the process from the yarn to the finished tapestry.
 
Advice and techniques on how to look after tapestries. How to avoid the most common mistakes.
 
Pictures of articles and press releases. Some important press reviews.
 
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Who is the sponsor E. Dalla Benetta srl. History, curiosities, production and contacts.
 

 

 

How is a good product manufactured?

 
Guide-lines for evaluating the quality of a tapestry or a border


In the vast weaving sector not all products are the same.

In evaluating carpets for example, there are some guide-lines to understand if we are looking at a quality product or not: they are represented by the number and size of the weaver's knot, and the quality of the material used.

Also in the world of tapestry not all works are of the same quality, and this explains the huge difference in prices, sometimes very conspicuous, between one tapestry and another. The criteria to be considered when evaluating the merit of a tapestry or a border are:

  • the raw material used

  • the manufacturing process

  • the quality of colours and designs

 

Raw material

The raw material used to manufacture the fabric is generally the "American cotton I". The best products, however, are made by the "combed and singed MakÚ cotton" which, thanks to its properties, is able to give more precision and flexibility to the product.

The fibre of this cotton can be made into thinner yarn than the "American I" cotton: this ensures the production of smaller weaves, but a greater covering of the plot. In fact it is used with double yarns, which guarantee the best relation between volume and covered surface. Moreover, two yards of MakÚ cotton 50/2, have a lower weight than an American I yarn 30/2, and they are more resistant.

 

Manufacturing process

The tapestries represent scenes and subjects taken from plain cloths, they all share the brightness and richness of colours.

In reproducing these masterpieces the main limitation is the low number of colours which may be used at the same time.
Generally, we can choose just one combination of seven colours (in the "cord of drawing in draft"), this guarantees faster preparation for weaving on the one hand, but on the other, it doesn't allow a good reproduction of the details and the colours of the original masterpieces.

The manufacturers which produce the best tapestries, use different combinations of cords of drawing in draft (therefore more coloured yarns). These are used in different parts of the tapestry for maximizing the number of available colours and obtaining many gradations.

In the cheapest tapestries it is not unusual to observe some lines inside the design. This is due to the low number of bobbin changes to the creel that powers the beamer, which doesn't allow enough gradations to be attained when passing from one colour to another.

When working the warping band, the use of many combinations of colours requires the creel to be recharged many times: this is a particularly burdensome operation in terms of production time. For this reason, the best colour qualities bear heavily on production costs.

 

The quality of colours and designs

Excellent quality raw material and the use of a wide variety of coloured yarns, won't allow a valuable quality to be produced if "Jacquard cards" haven't been used, created with an attention of equal quality!

The "cards" are punch cards which reproduce the design thanks to a type of binary code which tells the Jacquard machine the way in which the loom should work.

A significant part of the best tapestry producers assets certainly depends on the quality of their cards, which often date back to the end of the 1800's or beginning of the 1900's, made by craftsmen of unquestionable ability and passion, without the harassment of respecting strict production times.

The quality of E. Dalla Benetta products

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