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Definition of a tapestry. How to recognise a good tapestry. Where to find the most famous tapestries. Glossary

Where and when the first tapestries were created. How they developed in Europe. History and development of weaving techniques.
Detailed descriptions and pictures which illustrate the process from the yarn to the finished tapestry.
Advice and techniques on how to look after tapestries. How to avoid the most common mistakes.
Pictures of articles and press releases. Some important press reviews.
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Do's and Don'ts


This section is dedicated to the procedures and techniques important to know and learn for maintaining and keeping tapestries at their top quality over the years. Periodically, there will be advice about what, and what not to do: tricks and techniques for maintaining, cleaning, and restoring tapestries...


It is exactly about RESTORING that this month's contribution begins.

It deals with a technical operation which aims to restore damaged parts of the tapestry by giving it a better appearance, as similar as possible to the original, and to make it last for a long time.

The technical process has different stages


This is the first stage: the restorer removes the tapestry from any mountings or backings and begins his examination. The tapestry could have more or less grave and evident damage: in any case, it needs to be studied specifically to determine the action that will be taken.


The extent and nature of damage and degradation of the tapestry are ascertained. Special attention is given to the physical condition of the material used: the fibres are examined, which over the years may have been damaged and weakened by atmospheric agents and chemical decay, or stress weaknesses due, for example, to the wrong use of mountings which have strained the yarns.



The tapestry is repaired using tools and techniques suitable for the actual damage.


Also at this stage it is necessary to give attention to the characteristics of the tapestry fibres. The cleaning process, which may be mechanical or chemical, depends on the fibre material: natural, synthetic, cotton, silk. Detergents are used for washing which are suitable to remove dirt composed of substances insoluble or poorly soluble in water, such as proteins, dyes and fats. In any case, they must never alter the appearance and the quality of the colours.

The tapestry will surely look remarkably better at the end of these procedures, approaching, if not the same as the original image.





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